210 MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE ______to the drying and hardening of the underlying skin abrasions produced lifter death are dark-brown and parchment-like in appearance, and look like abrasions caused during life, but they are distinguished by com- plete absence of bleeding and injection of vessels in the underlying tissues. It must be remembered that ants sometimes attack a dead body lying on the ground, and produce marks which simulate ante-mortem abrasions. The marks caused by their bites have, however, irregular margins, and are usually seen on the eyes, nostrils, angles of the mouth, ears, armpits, groins, scrotum and anus. JEQHHDS-- A wound is defined as the forcible solution of continuity of the soft tissues^oJ the body including the skin or mucous membrane. Medico- legally, wounds may be classified as— ——- 1. Incised wounds. 2. Punctured wounds. 3. Lacerated wounds, 4. Gunshot wounds. 1. Incised Wounds.;—An incised wound is produced by a sharp cutting instrument, such as a'TSiife, razor, sword, gandasa (chopper), axe, hatchet, scythe, JcooJcri, or any object which has a sharp, cutting edge. Character of an Incised Wound.—A^ incised wound is always broader than the edge of the weapon causing" itTowing to the retraction of the divided tissues. ,,It.~ is somewhat spindle-shaped and gaping, its superficial extent being greater than its depth. This gaping is greater in deep wounds when the muscle fibres have been cut trans- versely or obliquely. Its edges are smooth, even, clean-cut, well-defined and usually everted. The edges may be inverted, if a thin layer of muscular fibres is closely united to the skin, as in the scrotum. They may be irregular in cases where the skin is loose or the cutting edge of the weapon is blunt, as the skin will be puckered in front of the weapon before it is divided. TJ^ edges of a wound made by a heavy cutting weapon, 'such as an axe, hatchet or shovel, may not be as smooth as those of a wound caused by a light cutting weapon, such as a Fiff Us^bdsed wound inflicted with a knife, knife, razor, etc., and may ^ show signs of contusion. Such, a wound is, as a rule, associated with exten- sive injuries to deep underlying structures or organs.